A pergola is an outdoor garden feature creating a shaded sidewalk, path, or resting area of upright posts or pillars that

Charmille de Pitet

generally incorporate cross-beams. This tough open latticework was frequently used to grow woody vines or evergreen-scented climbers like Jasmine. The origin of the word Pergola is the late Latin pergula, describing a framework supporting a vine or a plant.

The English term was obtained from Italian. The term was mentioned in an Italian context in 1645 by John Evelyn at the cloister of Trinità dei Monti in Rome


He utilized the term in an English context in 1654 when, among the fifth Earl of Pembroke, Evelyn viewed the flowing of hares from a “pergola” built on the downs near Salisbury for that purpose.

Famous Pergolas Through Time

In 1498, Leonardo da Vinci enhanced the Sala delle Asse of the Castello Sforzesco in Milan to provide the impression of the terrific square and also vaulted function hall being within a pergola that was made up of the intertwined branches of sixteen significant mulberry trees. This unique & outstanding work was commissioned by Ludovico Sforza.

Green passages

Green Passage Pergola Mirabellgarten, Salzburg

An eco-friendly passage trained on modern-day products, Mirabellgarten, Salzburg

What is a Pergola? Pergolas are much more irreversible building functions than the eco-friendly tunnels of late medieval and also early Renaissance structures that commonly were created of resilient withies. These are essentially slender, flexible branches or shoots of willow or hazel.

The withies are bound together in advance to develop a collection of arcs, then loosely woven with long slats on which vines or creepers were grown. The outcome was to make a passage that was both amazing, shaded, as well as almost completely dry in a shower.

At the Medici villa, La Petraia, inner and outer curving segments of such green strolls, the forerunners of pergolas, offer a framework to the pattern that can be admired from the lengthy balcony above it.

Historical gardens

The plainly fabricated nature of the pergola made it fall from favour in the naturalistic gardening designs of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Handsome pergolas on blocks and also stone columns with powerful cross-beams were a style of enclosures created in the late nineteenth as well as early twentieth centuries by architects like Sir Edwin Lutyens as well as Gertrude Jekyll.


The Pergola, The Hill gardens, Hampstead Heath - geograph.org.uk - 2109861

A particularly substantial pergola is featured at the yards of The Hill Garden in Hampstead (London), made by Thomas Mawson for his customer Lord Leverhulme, the Pergola stretches to over 230 meters.


Contemporary aluminium-framed pergolas

What is a Pergola? Aluminium Pergolas

Modern pergola design products consisting of wood, vinyl, fibreglass, aluminium, and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) instead of block or stone columns, are a lot more economical as well as enhancing in popularity.

Wood pergolas are made either from weather-resistant timber, such as western red cedar (Thuja plicata) or, previously, of shore redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). They are repainted, tarnished, or utilize wood treated with preservatives for outdoor usage.

For a reduced maintenance alternative to timber, the modern products of plastic, fibreglass, lightweight aluminium, and also CPVC can be made use of. These products do not need annual paint or tarnish like a wooden pergola would certainly, and also their manufacture can make them even stronger and also longer-lasting than a wood pergola.

So I hope the question of “What is a Pergola?” has been explained now.

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